Narendra Damodardas Modi pronunciation born 17 September 1950) is the current chief minister of the Indian state of Gujarat. He has been a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since childhood, having an interest in politics since adolescence. He holds a master's degree in political science. In 1998, he was chosen by L. K. Advani, the leader of theBharatiya Janata Party (BJP), to direct the election campaign in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. On December 22, 2002, when he was sworn-in as the chief minister of Gujarat for the second time, the ceremony had to be held in an open-air stadium because of the sheer number of people who wanted to watch and hear the leader they had so overwhelmingly elected. Narendra Modi, announced a comprehensive ban on gutka, which causes cancer. It has come into effect from September 11, 2012. In July 2007, he became the longest servingChief Minister in Gujarat's history when he had been in power for 2063 days continuously. He was elected again for a third term.on 23 December 2007 in the state elections, which he had cast as a "referendum on his rule".In April 2009, the Supreme Court of India appointed a special team of investigators to look into the role Modi had played in the alleged anti-Muslim conspiracy. The team was appointed in response to the complaint of Zakia Jafri, the widow of ex-Congress MP Ehsan Jafri, who was murdered in the riots. In December 2010, a Supreme Court-appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) in its report to the Supreme Court seeking answers pertaining to the Ehsan Jafri case, submitted that they had found no evidence against Narendra Modi.
However in February 2011, the Times of India reported that a confidential report from the SIT indicted Modi on several counts of alleged complicity in the Gujarat riots of 2002.Most other sources have noted that the SIT report does not indict Modi for the riots due to lack of evidence.The Indian Express too said the report did not find any Modi involvement in the violence, though it did accuse him of watering down the seriousness of the situation. Modi made a speech at Mangrol in which he justified the encounter of Sohrabuddin Sheikh, during the election campaign in response to Sonia Gandhi's speech calling him a "merchant of death"and referred to Sohrabuddin's killing. Modi won the election and continued his post as the Chief Minister Of Gujarat, he won with majority of votes of 122 seats out of 182 total assembly seats. On 25 August 2011 Gujarat Governor Kamla Beniwal appointed Justice R A Mehta to the post of Lokyukta of Gujarat, a critical anti-corruption post that had been lying vacant since 2003. Justice R A Mehta was recommended for the post by the Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court in June. Governor Beniwal had made this decision without consulting and getting the approval of the chief minister and his council of ministers.
This marked the beginning of a strained relationship between Modi and the Governor. As the Chief Minister of the Gujarat State, to attract foreign investment in the state, Narendra Modi has made visits to foreign countries, including China, Singapore and Japan.
Narendra Modi made his first China visit in 2007 to invite investors Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit,and second visit in November 2011. One month after the second visit to China, the Chinese Government released 13 diamond traders from India jailed by the Shenzhen Customs, which the Chief Minister described as the consequence of his diplomatic efforts and statesmanship. In the late 2011-early 2012 Narandra Modi underwent a series of fasts as part of the Sadbhavna Mission. The mission started on 17 September 2011 in Ahmedabad with 3 day fast with a view to strengthen the atmosphere of peace, unity and harmony in the state. He observed total
36 fasts in 26 districts, 8 cities including Ahmedabad.
Narendra Modi, announced a comprehensive ban on gutka, which causes cancer. It has come into effect from September 11, 2012.
Modi said in his 66th Independence Day speech,
“I have to save the youths of Gujarat from the dreaded evil of cancer and that's why a decision to impose a complete ban on gutka has been taken.”
The mission has been named Gutka Mukti Abhiyan.
On 18 July 2006 Modi delivered a speech criticising Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "for his reluctance to revive anti-terror legislations" like the Prevention of
Terrorism Act. He asked the Centre to empower states to invoke tougher laws in the wake of the blasts in Mumbai.Quoting Modi:
“Terrorism is worse than a war. A terrorist has no rules. A terrorist decides when, how, where and whom to kill. India has lost more people in terror attacks than in its wars"